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Language recovery after stroke
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Articles published in BMJ Open

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Single Articles


    May 2018
  1. PICCARDI B, Arba F, Nesi M, Palumbo V, et al
    Reperfusion Injury after ischemic Stroke Study (RISKS): single-centre (Florence, Italy), prospective observational protocol study.
    BMJ Open. 2018;8:e021183.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    April 2018
  2. MAGNUSSON P, Koyi H, Mattsson G
    A protocol for a prospective observational study using chest and thumb ECG: transient ECG assessment in stroke evaluation (TEASE) in Sweden.
    BMJ Open. 2018;8:e019933.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    March 2018
  3. ROWE FJ, Hepworth LR, Hanna KL, Howard C, et al
    Visual Impairment Screening Assessment (VISA) tool: pilot validation.
    BMJ Open. 2018;8:e020562.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    February 2018
  4. PAN Y, Cai X, Huo X, Zhao X, et al
    Cost-effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy within 6 hours of acute ischaemic stroke in China.
    BMJ Open. 2018;8:e018951.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  5. TANG Y, Chen A, Zhu S, Yang L, et al
    Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for depression after basal ganglia ischaemic stroke: protocol for a multicentre randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial.
    BMJ Open. 2018;8:e018011.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    January 2018
  6. LOO SY, Coulombe J, Dell'Aniello S, Brophy JM, et al
    Comparative effectiveness of novel oral anticoagulants in UK patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease: a matched cohort study.
    BMJ Open. 2018;8:e019638.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  7. ZHAN J, Pan R, Zhou M, Tan F, et al
    Electroacupuncture as an adjunctive therapy for motor dysfunction in acute stroke survivors: a systematic review and meta-analyses.
    BMJ Open. 2018;8:e017153.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  8. HAVSTEEN I, Ovesen C, Willer L, Nybing JD, et al
    Small cortical grey matter lesions show no persistent infarction in transient ischaemic attack? A prospective cohort study.
    BMJ Open. 2018;8:e018160.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    December 2017
  9. ROSBERGEN ICM, Brauer SG, Fitzhenry S, Grimley RS, et al
    Qualitative investigation of the perceptions and experiences of nursing and allied health professionals involved in the implementation of an enriched environment in an Australian acute stroke unit.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e018226.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  10. FOX KAA, Lucas JE, Pieper KS, Bassand JP, et al
    Improved risk stratification of patients with atrial fibrillation: an integrated GARFIELD-AF tool for the prediction of mortality, stroke and bleed in patients with and without anticoagulation.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e017157.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  11. KOMAGAMINE J, Komagamine T
    Temporal changes in the documentation of neurological findings among patients with acute ischaemic stroke in a single centre in Japan: a retrospective cross-sectional study.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e019480.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  12. HAN TS, Fry CH, Fluck D, Affley B, et al
    Evaluation of anticoagulation status for atrial fibrillation on early ischaemic stroke outcomes: a registry-based, prospective cohort study of acute stroke care in Surrey, UK.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e019122.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  13. ALLEN M, Pearn K, Villeneuve E, Monks T, et al
    Feasibility of a hyper-acute stroke unit model of care across England: a modelling analysis.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e018143.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  14. SOGAARD M, Skjoth F, Kjaeldgaard JN, Larsen TB, et al
    Atrial fibrillation in patients with severe mental disorders and the risk of stroke, fatal thromboembolic events and bleeding: a nationwide cohort study.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e018209.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    November 2017
  15. SARTINI C, Whincup PH, Wannamethee SG, Jefferis BJ, et al
    Associations of time of day with cardiovascular disease risk factors measured in older men: results from the British Regional Heart Study.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e018264.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    October 2017
  16. KOSTULAS N, Larsson M, Kall TB, von Euler M, et al
    Safety of thrombolysis in stroke mimics: an observational cohort study from an urban teaching hospital in Sweden.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016311.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  17. TOMARI S, Yokota C, Nishimura K, Hino T, et al
    Effects of school-based intervention by emergency medical technicians on students and their parents: a community-based prospective study of the Akashi project.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016780.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  18. POLZIK P, Johansson PI, Hyldegaard O
    How biomarkers reflect the prognosis and treatment of necrotising soft tissue infections and the effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy: the protocol of the prospective cohort PROTREAT study conducted at a tertiary hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e017805.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    September 2017
  19. LIN SM, Yang SH, Cheng HY, Liang CC, et al
    Thiazide diuretics and the risk of hip fracture after stroke: a population-based propensity-matched cohort study using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016992.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  20. DAHLGREN C, Geary L, Hasselstrom J, Rehnberg C, et al
    Recording a diagnosis of stroke, transient ischaemic attack or myocardial infarction in primary healthcare and the association with dispensation of secondary preventive medication: a registry-based prospective cohort study.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e015723.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  21. KHAN F, Rahman A, Carrier M, Kearon C, et al
    Long-term risk of recurrence after discontinuing anticoagulants for a first unprovoked venous thromboembolism: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:16950.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  22. WANG HB, Ji P, Zhao XS, Xu H, et al
    Recombinant human TNK tissue-type plasminogen activator (rhTNK-tPA) versus alteplase (rt-PA) as fibrinolytic therapy for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (China TNK STEMI): protocol for a randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016838.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  23. VAN DEN DRIES CJ, Oudega R, Elvan A, Rutten FH, et al
    Integrated management of atrial fibrillation including tailoring of anticoagulation in primary care: study design of the ALL-IN cluster randomised trial.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e015510.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  24. HSU RCJ, Salika T, Maw J, Lyratzopoulos G, et al
    Influence of hospital volume on nephrectomy mortality and complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis stratified by surgical type.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016833.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  25. JHAVERI MM, Benjamin-Garner R, Rianon N, Sherer M, et al
    Telemedicine-guided education on secondary stroke and fall prevention following inpatient rehabilitation for Texas patients with stroke and their caregivers: a feasibility pilot study.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e017340.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  26. ZHANG FL, Guo ZN, Wu YH, Liu HY, et al
    Prevalence of stroke and associated risk factors: a population based cross sectional study from northeast China.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e015758.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  27. PURRUCKER JC, Hartig F, Richter H, Engelbrecht A, et al
    Design and validation of a clinical scale for prehospital stroke recognition, severity grading and prediction of large vessel occlusion: the shortened NIH Stroke Scale for emergency medical services.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016893.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    August 2017
  28. TOKAIRIN K, Osanai T, Abumiya T, Kazumata K, et al
    Regional transarterial hypothermic infusion in combination with endovascular thrombectomy in acute ischaemic stroke with cerebral main arterial occlusion: protocol to investigate safety of the clinical trial.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016502.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  29. VAN LIESHOUT ECC, Visser-Meily JMA, Neggers SFW, van der Worp HB, et al
    Brain stimulation for arm recovery after stroke (B-STARS): protocol for a randomised controlled trial in subacute stroke patients.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016566.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  30. KUO CS, Chen YT, Hsu CY, Chang CC, et al
    The impact of chronic hepatitis B infection on major adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes: a nationwide population-based study from Taiwan.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016179.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  31. EBBEN HP, Nederhoed JH, Lely RJ, Wisselink W, et al
    Microbubbles and UltraSound-accelerated Thrombolysis (MUST) for peripheral arterial occlusions: protocol for a phase II single-arm trial.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e014365.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  32. OLSSON OA, Persson HC, Alt Murphy M, Sunnerhagen KS, et al
    Early prediction of physical activity level 1 year after stroke: a longitudinal cohort study.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016369.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  33. CADILHAC DA, Andrew NE, Stroil Salama E, Hill K, et al
    Improving discharge care: the potential of a new organisational intervention to improve discharge after hospitalisation for acute stroke, a controlled before-after pilot study.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e016010.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    July 2017
  34. SHIH CC, Yeh CC, Hu CJ, Lane HL, et al
    Risk of dementia in patients with non-haemorrhagic stroke receiving acupuncture treatment: a nationwide matched cohort study from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013638.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  35. YU AYX, Quan H, McRae AD, Wagner GO, et al
    A cohort study on physician documentation and the accuracy of administrative data coding to improve passive surveillance of transient ischaemic attacks.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e015234.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    June 2017
  36. MANSFIELD A, Brooks D, Tang A, Taylor D, et al
    Promoting Optimal Physical Exercise for Life (PROPEL): aerobic exercise and self-management early after stroke to increase daily physical activity-study protocol for a stepped-wedge randomised trial.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e015843.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  37. RAO A, Jones A, Bottle A, Darzi A, et al
    A retrospective cohort study of high-impact users among patients with cerebrovascular conditions.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e014618.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  38. ROCCATELLO D, Sciascia S, Rossi D, Naretto C, et al
    Outpatient percutaneous native renal biopsy: safety profile in a large monocentric cohort.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e015243.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    April 2017
  39. BAATIEMA L, de-Graft Aikins A, Sav A, Mnatzaganian G, et al
    Barriers to evidence-based acute stroke care in Ghana: a qualitative study on the perspectives of stroke care professionals.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e015385.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  40. KOOHI N, Vickers D, Warren J, Werring D, et al
    Long-term use benefits of personal frequency-modulated systems for speech in noise perception in patients with stroke with auditory processing deficits: a non-randomised controlled trial study.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013003.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  41. CHER BP, Chen C, Yoong J
    Prevalence-based, disease-specific estimate of the social cost of smoking in Singapore.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e014377.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  42. JONES F, McKevitt C, Riazi A, Liston M, et al
    How is rehabilitation with and without an integrated self-management approach perceived by UK community-dwelling stroke survivors? A qualitative process evaluation to explore implementation and contextual variations.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e014109.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    March 2017
  43. COZZOLINO F, Abraha I, Orso M, Mengoni A, et al
    Protocol for validating cardiovascular and cerebrovascular ICD-9-CM codes in healthcare administrative databases: the Umbria Data Value Project.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013785.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  44. ROHDE D, Williams D, Gaynor E, Bennett K, et al
    Secondary prevention and cognitive function after stroke: a study protocol for a 5-year follow-up of the ASPIRE-S cohort.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e014819.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  45. MULDER MJ, Venema E, Roozenbeek B, Broderick JP, et al
    Towards personalised intra-arterial treatment of patients with acute ischaemic stroke: a study protocol for development and validation of a clinical decision aid.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013699.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  46. SADLER E, Wolfe CD, Jones F, McKevitt C, et al
    Exploring stroke survivors' and physiotherapists' views of self-management after stroke: a qualitative study in the UK.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e011631.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  47. BLACKBURN R, Osborn D, Walters K, Falcaro M, et al
    Statin prescribing for people with severe mental illnesses: a staggered cohort study of 'real-world' impacts.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013154.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    February 2017
  48. STEEN DL, Khan I, Ansell D, Sanchez RJ, et al
    Retrospective examination of lipid-lowering treatment patterns in a real-world high-risk cohort in the UK in 2014: comparison with the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) 2014 lipid modification guidelines.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013255.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  49. MARTINS JC, Aguiar LT, Nadeau S, Scianni AA, et al
    Measurement properties of self-report physical activity assessment tools in stroke: a protocol for a systematic review.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e012655.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    January 2017
  50. HUGUES A, Di Marco J, Janiaud P, Xue Y, et al
    Efficiency of physical therapy on postural imbalance after stroke: study protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013348.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  51. BUNN F, Burn AM, Robinson L, Poole M, et al
    Healthcare organisation and delivery for people with dementia and comorbidity: a qualitative study exploring the views of patients, carers and professionals.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013067.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  52. LOWN M, Yue A, Lewith G, Little P, et al
    Screening for Atrial Fibrillation using Economical and accurate TechnologY (SAFETY)-a pilot study.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013535.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  53. LIAO HW, Saver JL, Wu YL, Chen TH, et al
    Pioglitazone and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with insulin resistance, pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    BMJ Open. 2017;7:e013927.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    November 2016
  54. HOLBROOK A, Dormuth C, Morrow R, Lee A, et al
    Comparative effectiveness and safety of oral anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation in real-world practice: a population-based cohort study protocol.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e013263.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  55. COTLARCIUC I, Marjot T, Khan MS, Hiltunen S, et al
    Towards the genetic basis of cerebral venous thrombosis-the BEAST Consortium: a study protocol.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e012351.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  56. GWYNNE K, Flaskas Y, O'Brien C, Jeffries TL, et al
    Opportunistic screening to detect atrial fibrillation in Aboriginal adults in Australia.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e013576.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  57. CUI XP, Lin M, Mu JS, Ye JX, et al
    Angioplasty and stenting for patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis: study protocol of a randomised controlled trial.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e012175.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  58. GERAGHTY O, Korompoki E, Filippidis FT, Rudd A, et al
    Cardiac diagnostic work-up for atrial fibrillation after transient ischaemic attacks in England and Wales: results from a cross-sectional survey.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e012714.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  59. MCCLURE GR, Belley-Cote EP, Singal RK, Jaffer IH, et al
    Surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e013273.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    April 2016
  60. HORTON S, Clark A, Barton G, Lane K, et al
    Methodological issues in the design and evaluation of supported communication for aphasia training: a cluster-controlled feasibility study.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e011207.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  61. DE SIMONI A, Shanks A, Balasooriya-Smeekens C, Mant J, et al
    Stroke survivors and their families receive information and support on an individual basis from an online forum: descriptive analysis of a population of 2348 patients and qualitative study of a sample of participants.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e010501.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    March 2016
  62. HEWITT J, Walters M, Padmanabhan S, Dawson J, et al
    Cohort profile of the UK Biobank: diagnosis and characteristics of cerebrovascular disease.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009161.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  63. NIU PP, Guo ZN, Jin H, Xing YQ, et al
    Antiplatelet regimens in the long-term secondary prevention of transient ischaemic attack and ischaemic stroke: an updated network meta-analysis.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009013.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  64. JENNUM P, Baandrup L, Iversen HK, Ibsen R, et al
    Mortality and use of psychotropic medication in patients with stroke: a population-wide, register-based study.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e010662.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    February 2016
  65. WANISHAYAKORN T, Sornlertlumvanich K, Ngorsuraches S
    Benefit-risk assessment of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins): a discrete choice experiment.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009387.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  66. MCGRATH RT, Hocking SL, Priglinger M, Day S, et al
    Rationale and design of Short-Term EXenatide therapy in Acute ischaemic Stroke (STEXAS): a randomised, open-label, parallel-group study.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e008203.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  67. TARRANT M, Warmoth K, Code C, Dean S, et al
    Creating psychological connections between intervention recipients: development and focus group evaluation of a group singing session for people with aphasia.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009652.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  68. SUN Z, Yu N, Yue J, Zhang Q, et al
    Acupuncture for urinary incontinence after stroke: a protocol for systematic review.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e008062.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  69. SURESHKUMAR K, Murthy G, Natarajan S, Naveen C, et al
    Evaluation of the feasibility and acceptability of the 'Care for Stroke' intervention in India, a smartphone-enabled, carer-supported, educational intervention for management of disability following stroke.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009243.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    January 2016
  70. GREENWOOD N, Holley J, Ellmers T, Mein G, et al
    Qualitative focus group study investigating experiences of accessing and engaging with social care services: perspectives of carers from diverse ethnic groups caring for stroke survivors.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009498.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  71. GINER-SORIANO M, Vedia Urgell C, Roso-Llorach A, Morros R, et al
    Effectiveness, safety and costs of thromboembolic prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: phase I ESC-FA protocol study and baseline characteristics of a cohort from a primary care electronic database.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e010144.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  72. NELANDER M, Cnattingius S, Akerud H, Wikstrom J, et al
    Pregnancy hypertensive disease and risk of dementia and cardiovascular disease in women aged 65 years or older: a cohort study.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009880.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  73. GUNNOO T, Hasan N, Khan MS, Slark J, et al
    Quantifying the risk of heart disease following acute ischaemic stroke: a meta-analysis of over 50,000 participants.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009535.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  74. LAIWALLA AN, Ooi YC, Van De Wiele B, Ziv K, et al
    Rigorous anaesthesia management protocol for patients with intracranial arterial stenosis: a prospective controlled-cohort study.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009727.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  75. BLOMSTER JI, Woodward M, Zoungas S, Hillis GS, et al
    The harms of smoking and benefits of smoking cessation in women compared with men with type 2 diabetes: an observational analysis of the ADVANCE (Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron modified release Controlled Evaluation) t
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009668.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  76. CHEN L, Fang J, Jin X, Keeler CL, et al
    Acupuncture treatment for ischaemic stroke in young adults: protocol for a randomised, sham-controlled clinical trial.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e010073.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  77. JONES F, Gage H, Drummond A, Bhalla A, et al
    Feasibility study of an integrated stroke self-management programme: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e008900.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  78. FENG X, Liu Y, Astell-Burt T, Yin P, et al
    Analysis of health service amenable and non-amenable mortality before and since China's expansion of health coverage in 2009.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009370.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  79. FLETCHER-SMITH JC, Walker DM, Sprigg N, James M, et al
    ESCAPS study protocol: a feasibility randomised controlled trial of 'Early electrical stimulation to the wrist extensors and wrist flexors to prevent the post-stroke complications of pain and contractures in the paretic arm'.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e010079.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  80. ENDO M, Sairenchi T, Kojimahara N, Haruyama Y, et al
    Sickness absence and return to work among Japanese stroke survivors: a 365-day cohort study.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009682.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  81. AZIZ NA, Pindus DM, Mullis R, Walter FM, et al
    Understanding stroke survivors' and informal carers' experiences of and need for primary care and community health services--a systematic review of the qualitative literature: protocol.
    BMJ Open. 2016;6:e009244.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


    January 2015
  82. OWEN CG, Kapetanakis VV, Rudnicka AR, Wathern AK, et al
    Body mass index in early and middle adult life: prospective associations with myocardial infarction, stroke and diabetes over a 30-year period: the British Regional Heart Study.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e008105.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  83. XIONG L, Lin W, Han J, Chen X, et al
    A retrospective pilot study of correlation of cerebral augmentation effects of external counterpulsation with functional outcome after acute ischaemic stroke.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e009233.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  84. WIREKLINT SUNDSTROM B, Herlitz J, Hansson PO, Brink P, et al
    Comparison of the university hospital and county hospitals in western Sweden to identify potential weak links in the early chain of care for acute stroke: results of an observational study.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e008228.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  85. CLARKE DJ, Tyson S, Rodgers H, Drummond A, et al
    Why do patients with stroke not receive the recommended amount of active therapy (ReAcT)? Study protocol for a multisite case study investigation.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e008443.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  86. RENOUX C, Dell'Aniello S, Saarela O, Filion KB, et al
    Antiepileptic drugs and the risk of ischaemic stroke and myocardial infarction: a population-based cohort study.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e008365.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  87. ELLIS-HILL C, Gracey F, Thomas S, Lamont-Robinson C, et al
    'HeART of Stroke (HoS)', a community-based Arts for Health group intervention to support self-confidence and psychological well-being following a stroke: protocol for a randomised controlled feasibility study.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e008888.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  88. HERON N, Kee F, Donnelly M, Cupples ME, et al
    Systematic review of rehabilitation programmes initiated within 90 days of a transient ischaemic attack or 'minor' stroke: a protocol.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e007849.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  89. AYIS S, Wellwood I, Rudd AG, McKevitt C, et al
    Variations in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and survival 1 year after stroke: five European population-based registers.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e007101.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  90. YUAN Z, Wang B, Li F, Wang J, et al
    Intravenous thrombolysis guided by a telemedicine consultation system for acute ischaemic stroke patients in China: the protocol of a multicentre historically controlled study.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e006704.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  91. BERGLUND A, von Euler M, Schenck-Gustafsson K, Castren M, et al
    Identification of stroke during the emergency call: a descriptive study of callers' presentation of stroke.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e007661.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  92. KHAFAJI HA, Sulaiman K, Singh R, AlHabib KF, et al
    Clinical characteristics, precipitating factors, management and outcome of patients with prior stroke hospitalised with heart failure: an observational report from the Middle East.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e007148.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  93. LUENGO-FERNANDEZ R, Leal J, Gray A
    UK research spend in 2008 and 2012: comparing stroke, cancer, coronary heart disease and dementia.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e006648.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  94. KRISTOFFERSEN DT, Helgeland J, Waage HP, Thalamus J, et al
    Survival curves to support quality improvement in hospitals with excess 30-day mortality after acute myocardial infarction, cerebral stroke and hip fracture: a before-after study.
    BMJ Open. 2015;5:e006741.
    PubMed     Text format     Abstract available


  95. SHIGEMATSU K, Watanabe Y, Nakano H
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